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chicago railroad facts

Chicago’s first railroad station. Union Pacific unveiled the first-ever such trainset in February of 1934, followed by the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy a few months later. A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. The decision proved less expensive and decided the future fate of the Lander Line. A popular pastime for many is studying and/or exploring abandoned rights-of-way. While the Galena & Chicago Union was the C&NW's earliest component its direct ancestry traces to the Chicago, St. Paul & Fond du Lac Railroad, As the Chicago & North Western's "Flambeau '400'" (Chicago - Green Bay - Ashland) stops at Eland, Wisconsin in September of 1964. On June 1, 1972 the Chicago & North Western Transportation Company was born and acquired the railroad's assets. Chicago & North Western and Union Pacific streamliners at rest in C&NW's 40th Street Yard in Chicago during a cold December day in 1942. Following the CB&Q's debut of its Zephyr trainset the railroad introduced regular service to this corridor in April of 1935. CHICAGO'S RAILROADS/GOOGLE MAPS Google Maps has this cool feature, which allows anybody to create custom maps where meaningful locations can be indicated. Chicago & North Western's train #214, the eastbound "Peninsula 400" (Green Bay - Chicago), hustles through Kenilworth, Illinois with gallery cars on January 24, 1963. The website contains everything from historic (fallen flags) to contemporary (Class I's, regionals, short lines, and even some museums/tourist lines) rosters, locomotive production information, technical data, all notable models cataloged by the five major builders (American Locomotive, Electro-Motive, General Electric, Fairbanks-Morse, and Baldwin), and much more. Many were pulled up in the 1970's and 1980's although others were removed long before that. Like all grangers it maintained hundreds of miles of secondary trackage that were lightly patronized by the postwar period but absolutely fascinating to witness. Like other such branches the Lander Line was hurt considerably by improved highways and the growing trucking industry after World War II. As growth slowed the focus turned to upgrading the railroad; by 1902 the Council Bluffs-Chicago main line was double-tracked, signaling systems put into place, bridges rebuilt, and the infrastructure overhauled to support heavier and longer trains. All photos and videos, copyright individual owners/organizations. Within a year of this transaction the C&NW gained stock control during November of 1882. In December of 1855 this 135-mile corridor had reached Fulton (just across the state line from Clinton, Iowa), which became part of the future Omaha main line. By 1880 the railroad maintained a 2,500-mile network and just a decade later blossomed into a 4,2000-mile behemoth. While one can still witness the Heartland's agriculture industry served by trains names like the Milwaukee Road, Burlington, Rock Island, and Chicago & North Western have all disappeared through merger, liquidation, or buyout. There were even a handful of narrow-gauge operations such as the Crooked Creek Railway & Coal Company; Covington, Columbus & Black Hills Railroad (3-foot, 6-inch); Galena & Southern Wisconsin; and Chicago & Tomah. The Chicago & Evanston Railroad was chartered, Feb. 16, 1861, built from Chicago to Calvary (10.8 miles), and opened, May 1, 1885; was consolidated with the Chicago & Lake Superior Railroad, under the title of the Chicago, Evanston & Lake Superior Railroad Company, Dec. 22, 1885, opened to Evanston, August 1, 1886, and purchased, in June, 1887, by the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company. As trains like the first-class City of Los Angeles, City of Portland, and City of San Francisco grew in popularity conventional lightweight equipment (non-articulated) arrived for these services through the 1940's. The CStPM&O provided the North Western with its main line from Chicago to the Twin Cities, connection to the ore docks at Duluth/Superior, a secondary route into Omaha, and a link to Sioux City, Iowa. However, construction slowed for some time before picking up again This line was a predecessor company of the Chicago & North Western Railway, which absorbed the Galena & Chicago Union in 1864. The public was duly impressed and the streamliner craze was underway. The Chicago & North Western's earliest predecessor was the Galena & Chicago Union chartered These steamers were very similar to the Milwaukee Road's F-7's, and nearly as fast! MESSRS. PULLMAN & FIELDS’ NEW SLEEPING CAR—A short time since we noticed the fact that the St. Louis Alton & Chicago Railroad Company were about to introduce Sleeping Cars on that line.These cars have come to be an indispensable part of the equipment of a first class road and have long since passed all necessity of argument in their behalf. It was followed a month later by the Milwaukee's legendary Hiawatha. With a region rich in timber and agriculture Ogden, using either the C&NW or another subsidiary, pushed rails to Oshkosh (1859), Fort Horward which later became Green Bay (1862), and established service into Michigan's Upper Peninsula at Escanaba and Negaunee (near Ishpeming). Agriculture played a large part in this and continued to do so for more than a century under the C&NW. Pacific (also acquired by the C&NW). According to the Nebraska Game & Parks Commission in 1932 the corridor served, “…66 farm dealers, 117 coal dealers, 48 grain elevators, 55 lumber dealers and 128 gas/oil receivers.”. The Alton was the leading Railroad in Chicago to St. Louis service. The so-called "Alco Line" was a paradise of Schenectady splendor; burbling, belching models like the RS11, RS3, RSD4, RSD5, C425, RS36, and others were a common sight here. The Chicago & North Western, for example, was a railfan's paradise where one could witness heavy ore moving out of Michigan's Upper Peninsula, watch time freights blaze across the prairie, enjoy Alco's burbling past farms, and observe the elegant '400's' speeding between the big cities. It then embarked upon a campaign of selling or abandoning thousands of miles of light density lines, increase earnings, and finding a way to lower its phenomenally high operating ratio which hovered at around 90%. It opened in 1984. Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company, American railway company founded in 1859 by John Murray Forbes, who combined several smaller Midwestern railroads. Ironically, its original intention here was not to build east to Chicago but rather west towards, " a point 15 miles north of La Salle...to connect with any railroad to built northward from that town. Chicago is the most important railroad center in North America. The yard operation of Alton was the first to go all-diesel in 1947. See more ideas about railroad, eastern illinois, illinois. Hills Gold Rush. The end of the North Western closed the book on one of America's most fascinating railroads, the classic granger. Realizing they were on to something, officials at Union Pacific wanted to launch a transcontinental service to Chicago. The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad's history is one of big booms and bigger busts. These efforts, according to Michael Blaszak's article, "Chicago & North Western: Evolution Of A Survivor," from the April, 1994 issue of Trains Magazine, reduced its network to just 4,323 route miles. As the above, inset article notes the C&NW's own Cowboy Line lay directly within the heart of this lucrative natural resource. Despite this setback the road still eyed the mighty Mississippi and soon began construction of a line due west from Chicago. The new C&NW became an instant 850+ mile system and one of the Midwest's most important. A constituent company that was acquired in 1864, the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad, was the first railroad to run west of Chicago, in 1848. The North Western, in effort to keep up, began upgrading its main line for high-speed operation. It is an excellent resource with thousands of historic maps on file throughout the country. The Peoria Gateway was essentially just another granger, connecting Peoria with the Twin Cities, parts of Iowa, and stretching into South Dakota. These maps are zoomable, and satellite views are available. western South Dakota via Rapid City. Chicago has long been the most important interchange point for freight traffic between the nation's major railroads and it is the hub of Amtrak, the intercity rail passenger system. Chicago, Burlington & Quincy), which was in the midst of the great Black Roger Puta photo. The term also describes those railroads which served America's breadbasket and derived a substantial portion of their annual revenue from the movement of agricultural products. Roger Puta photo. Just type in a town or city and click on the timeline of maps at the bottom of the page! North Western, through its FE&MV subsidiary, was the first to reach this The company developed an identity uniquely its own. Adventureland (Kansas City-Billings) Aristocrat (Chicago–Denver): replaced the Colorado Limited Ak-Sar-Ben (Chicago–Lincoln): replaced Nebraska Limited and replaced by Ak-Sar-Ben Zephyr American Royal (Chicago–Kansas City): replaced by the American Royal Zephyr. Today, C&NW's key routes carry on under the UP banner, especially its Powder River coal basin line. Work began in June of 1848 and by January 22, 1850, 42 miles had been opened to Elgin. The Great Depression, which hit the nation hard following the October 29, 1929 stock market crash was extremely taxing on the C&NW. A Chicago & North Western crew, standing beside Class H 4-8-4 #3014, chat while waiting for orders to pull out during a cold January day in 1943. Author's collection. Wes Barris's SteamLocomotive.com is simply the best web resource in the study of steam locomotives. For those who love Alco's, the secondary main line from Winona, Minnesota to Rapid City, South Dakota was the place to be in the 1970's. This was not the case years ago. Author's work. As the below, 1969 map attests the North Western's spaghetti-like system was so thick in the states of Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin that in some spots different branch lines were not separated by more than ten or twenty miles! Apr 19, 2019 - Explore Larry Seyfert's board "C&EI Railroad" on Pinterest. Photographer unknown. Chicago Tribune, August 17, 1859. Alas, in 2013 the site closed by thankfully Don Strack rescued the data and transferred it over to his UtahRails.net site (another fine resource). In addition, the Burlington and Milwaukee Road were gearing up for their own streamliners in the hotly contested Chicago-Twin Cities market. A highly recommended database! By the early 1850's railroad fever had spread across the Midwest as promoters clamored to reach the growing metropolis of Chicago, the future railroad capital of America. For the general public the C&NW's most visual change, ironically, took place during its bankruptcy years with the introduction of flashy, colorful, and fast streamliners. Since then, most of the remainder of the old route has also been pulled up by various parties and is now part of the Cowboy Trail. The North Western fell into bankruptcy on January 27, 1935 and would not emerge until the great surge of traffic brought about by World War II, finally exiting judicial oversight on June 1, 1944. The Chicago & North Western and Union Pacific merged in 1995. With the industry's deregulation in 1980 many such unprofitable lines were rightfully abandoned or sold to short line operations. For Heineman's successes he had little effect on reducing the secondary trackage. Jack Delano photo. However, the corridor had been so badly neglected over the years it could never handle the required tonnage. In stock on November 10, 2020. Hardcover. In few other places could one watch a passing freight bobbing along rickety, weed-covered trackage to serve a nearby grain elevator or local customer. Union Pacific also paid homage to its predecessor by painting one of its new EMD SD70ACe locomotives in 2006 into a version of the railroad’s famous green and yellow company livery, given number 1995 after the year the railroad was acquired. Also included in the issue is an account (with cover photo) of the recent sale of the historic narrow-gauge East Broad Top Railroad in Pennsylvania. Adding to their charm was their greasy, grimy appearance and the bucolic Midwestern settings in which they operated. However, in 1960 it acquired the nearly 1,400-mile Minneapolis & St. Louis Railway. Prior to deregulation it was nearly impossible for railroads to successfully petition the Interstate Commerce Commission in abandoning excess capacity. The 1960's began a new era for the C&NW. It was leased by the Chicago and Mississippi Railroad creating a continuous line from Alton to Chicago. The '400' officially launched on January 2, 1935 and proved successful enough that new streamlined equipment and sleek Electro-Motive E3's arrived in 1939. The C&NW's declining physical plant caused Union Pacific to switch its Chicago connection for passenger services to the Milwaukee Road, effective October 30, 1955. The history of the Clearing Yard is interesting and is found in a fascinating story of a practical railroad dreamer who lived in the days of empire builders. A History Of The Fabled "Cowboy Line" Alas, the road eventually retired their Alco's and the "Huron Main" totaling 826 miles, including branches, was sold to new startup Dakota, Minnesota & Eastern in 1986. The information includes original numbers, serials, and order numbers. With help from this profitable carrier a new 55-mile connector between the western end of the Cowboy Line and a nearby UP route gained the two railroads access into the Basin. Eventually, a fleet of '400's' was unveiled across the Midwest. 1848 – First Steam Locomotive arrives in Chicago, Illinois; operates on predecessor of the Chicago and North Western Railway. Route") had reached Wisner, 50 miles away. There were countless small companies gobbled up during the latter 19th century; names like the Chicago & Milwaukee, Winona & St. Peter, Iowa Midland Railway, and North Western Union Railway. The Pioneer was the first locomotive to operate a train in Chicago. Ultimately, as a means of gaining needed financing Union Pacific became involved. Ultimately, the latest talks ended once more without an agreement and each went their separate ways. The city of Ames was laid out in December 1864 by the C&NW railroad and named However, it would need hundreds of millions of dollars in upgrades to handle the many heavy coal trains running the route daily. Chicago is the most important railroad center in North America. In 1932 the Alton was the first Chicago-St. Louis Railroad to install air conditioning on its passenger trains. It would not see further growth until the post-World War II period. From this humble beginning the city would rapidly grow to become the Railroad Capitol of America. The two other UP lines had different origins in the 1850s. Thus, a plan was hatched to have C&NW employees, themselves, own the company. Two years later, the first train crossed this bridge, to become the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad, and headed west to help tame a continent. At its peak, just prior to World War I, the Omaha Road boasted a 1,700-mile network. Today, there are tens of thousands of miles scattered throughout the country. His phenomenal success had been largely due to quick thinking and an understanding that surrounding competitors like the future Milwaukee Road, Burlington, and Rock Island, would render his railroad obsolete if it was not constantly expanding. Surprisingly, they were actually not C&NW's official introduction into the streamliner age. It was not alone as most other carriers had felt the sharp business declines within a few years. Later lines connected the city with … Historians have questioned the strategic nature of these moves; the railroad sold or abandoned much of each system afterwards and only the L&M and Great Western offered markets the railroad did not already serve (St. Louis and Kansas City). Ogden remained with the company until the summer of 1868. A 1939 system map of the Chicago & North Western. 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