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top durian producing countries

This country produces 5.5 million tons of papaya annually, a number that has been continuously increasing over the last few years. These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D. testudinarius and D. dulcis constitute a genetically diverse crop source.[36]. Kan Yao is somewhat less common, but prized for its longer window of time when it is both sweet and odourless at the same time. In fact, to eat Durians is a new sensation worth a voyage to the East to experience. A durian falling on a person's head can cause serious injuries because it is heavy, armed with sharp thorns, and can fall from a significant height. Spain: US$678 million (24.6% of exported fresh strawberries) Mexico: $580.1 million (21%) United States: $451.2 million (16.4%) Netherlands: $271 million (9.8%) Belgium: $185.6 million (6.7%) [67], D. zibethinus was introduced into Ceylon by the Portuguese in the 16th century and was reintroduced many times later. One Musang King durian can reach an astounding US$122 per kilogram. [62] Dried durian flesh can be made into kripik durian (durian chips). The report reflects official USDA estimates released in the monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE). In addition various sources give conflicting data which further confuses the issue. 2.1. It is reported that, in some countries, seedling durian trees have borne fruit at 5 years of age. There are currently 30 recognised species (see the List of Durio species), The durian (/ˈdjʊəriən, ˈdʊr-, -æn/)[2] is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. Local media in Malaysia recently reported that rainforest in Pahang is being cleared to plant Musang King durians, which are in high demand. The flesh is medium-thick, solid, yellow in colour, and sweet. [49], Other comparisons have been made with the civet, sewage, stale vomit, skunk spray and used surgical swabs. D. zibethinus is the only species commercially cultivated on a large scale and available outside of its native region. Named in some regions as the "king of fruits",[5] the durian is distinctive for its large size, strong odour, and thorn-covered rind. Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. The durian fruit can hang from any branch, and matures roughly three months after pollination. The seeds can also be eaten when cooked. Philippines It is estimated that between 1987 and the present time the area planted to Durian has increased from 2,000ha to 11,000ha. [69], In Southeast Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the mid-20th century. figures are not available in all producing countries so exact production estimates are difficult to calculate. Durian is a tropical fruit native to Southeast Asia and is mainly grown in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The Kadayawan Festival is an annual celebration featuring the durian in Davao City. Different cultivars may be distinguished to some extent by variations in the fruit shape, such as the shape of the spines. In Malay peninsula and Sumatra, Pangasius catfish can be either cooked as tempoyak ikan patin (fish in tempoyak curry) or as brengkes (pais) tempoyak, which is a steamed fermented durian paste in banana leaf container. The partnership marks continuing efforts by the Alibaba Group to help promote Malaysia’s agricultural products and to empower local SMEs via the first overseas Electronic World Trade Platform (eWTP) hub established in 2017. [27], The Malaysian Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry started to register varieties of durian in 1934. Production of Durian is concentrated mainly in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Sambal Tempoyak is a Malay dish made from the fermented durian fruit, coconut milk, and a collection of spicy ingredients known as sambal. In-season durians can be found in mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the West they are sold mainly by Asian markets. Durian consumption is centred on the Asian market, but the Asian diaspora has resulted in the fruit being sold worldwide. Thailand and Malaysia are the two largest producers of Durian fruit globally, together believed to account for up to 90% of global production. Offered at the best prices, our wide assortment of durians is known for their freshness, unique taste, and distinct odor. While they are grown here, most durians are imported from Malaysia to satisfy the durian loving locals. [77] Nevertheless, signs warning people not to linger under durian trees are found in Indonesia. [19] The centre of ecological diversity for durians is the island of Borneo, where the fruits of the edible species of Durio including D. zibethinus, D. dulcis, D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, D. oxleyanus, and D. testudinarius are sold in local markets. A typical durian tree can bear fruit after four or five years. [10] Durio sensu stricto comprises 24 of these species. [21] According to research conducted in Malaysia in the 1970s, durians were pollinated almost exclusively by cave fruit bats (Eonycteris spelaea);[10] however, a 1996 study indicated two species, D. grandiflorus and D. oblongus, were pollinated by spiderhunters (Nectariniidae) and another species, D. kutejensis, was pollinated by giant honey bees and birds as well as bats. A common saying is that a durian has eyes, and can see where it is falling, because the fruit allegedly never falls during daylight hours when people may be hurt. [44] A saying in Indonesian, durian jatuh sarung naik, meaning "the durian falls and the sarong comes up", refers to this belief. [64], Tempoyak, made from fermented durian in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, Tempoyak ikan patin, catfish in tempoyak curry, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia, Ketan durian, glutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia, Durian cake made of durian-flavoured dodol, Indonesian traditional sweet candy, Keripik durian Medan (durian chips) in Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia, A street side durian ice cream in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia, Durian Keju Bollen, a pastry filled with cheese and durian cream in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, Durian cakes from Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, Raw durian is composed of 65% water, 27% carbohydrates (including 4% dietary fibre), 5% fat and 1% protein. [61] Red-fleshed durian is traditionally added to sayur, an Indonesian soup made from freshwater fish. Each cultivar has a distinct taste and odour. Its thick and creamy textured flesh has a sweet flavour with a hint of bitterness. Some species grow so tall that they can only be collected once they have fallen to the ground, whereas most cultivars of D. zibethinus are nearly always cut from the tree and allowed to ripen while waiting to be sold. The fruit’s rising prices and high demand has made it the key focus of exports for the Malaysian government. However, people have died from durian falling on their heads, especially young children. [3] Among the varieties of D. zibethinus, Thai varieties are sweeter in flavour and less odorous than Malay ones. The soaring demand for durian has caused a new wave of deforestation in Malaysia, which could result in further loss of habitat for wildlife and plant species. Top Largest Watermelons Producer Countries Hello Dear Friend I am from rural area please support my channel [10] Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale-yellow to red, depending on the species. [86], The increased demand for durians in China has prompted a shift in Malaysia from small-scale durian orchards to large-scale industrial operations, with forests being cleared to make way for large durian plantations. The principal mango producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Orissa, although many other Indian states also cultivate mangoes. Between April and June 2017 the economy grew by 5.7 percent year-on-year. The natives give it honourable titles, exalt it, and make verses on it. [28][84], The Javanese believe durian to have aphrodisiac qualities, and impose a set of rules on what may or may not be consumed with it or shortly thereafter. Some individuals are unable to differentiate these smells and find this fruit noxious, whereas others find it pleasant and appealing. Not many have had the opportunity to even taste durian. Anagram Word Building VIII 538; Oscar Winner AND IMDb Top 250 469; Bordering 'C' Countries on a Map 364; Find the US States - No Outlines Minefield 357; Multi-Category Threesomes II 192; More Quizzes; hide this ad . Although most durians are imported from Malaysia here, durians are a popular crop for the locals. Durian. "[47] Despite having tried many foods that are arguably more eccentric, Andrew Zimmern, host of Bizarre Foods, was unable to finish a durian upon sampling it, due to his intolerance of its strong taste. In … It was called "Durian Botak" ('Bald Durian'). [31] Another common variety is "Udang merah", or red shrimp, found in the states of Pahang and Johor. Among all the cultivars in Thailand, five are currently in large-scale commercial cultivation: Chanee, Mon Thong, Kan Yao, Ruang, and Kradum. However, the durian’s distinctive smell has made the fruit a polarising delicacy. [51], The fruit's strong smell led to its ban from the subway in Singapore; it is not used in many hotels because of its pungency. However, in more recent circumscriptions of Durioneae, the tribe into which Durio and its sister taxa fall, fleshy arils and spiny fruits are derived within the clade. [29], Popular cultivars in Malaysia and Singapore (Singapore imports most of its durians from Malaysia, hence the varieties are similar although there may be slight variation in the names) include "D24", which is a popular variety known for its bittersweet taste; "XO", which has a pale colour, thick flesh with a tinge of alcoholic fermentation; "Chook Kiok" (Cantonese meaning: bamboo leg) which has a distinctive yellowish core in the inner stem; and "Musang King" ('musang' is the Malay word for palm civet) which is usually the priciest of all cultivars. Last year, Malaysia only exported 5.8 percent or 17,000 tonnes of durian to China. He said the projection is based on the 2019 Crop Statistics (Food Crop Sub-sector) after the country recorded 72,536ha of durian cultivation and production of 384,170 metric tonnes last year. 1, a cultivar without the characteristic odour. Different durian varieties from Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia vary in their carbohydrate content by 16-29%, fat content by 2-5%, protein content by 2-4%, dietary fibre content by 1-4%, and caloric value by 84-185 kcal per 100 grams. [9][50] Durians from different species or clones can have significantly different aromas; for example, red durian (D. dulcis) has a deep caramel flavour with a turpentine odour while red-fleshed durian (D. graveolens) emits a fragrance of roasted almonds. Only about 30 percent of a durian is consumed; the seeds and huge husk are usually discarded. This durian blog is to share my experiences in the technical aspects of durian production. China ranked first in exports with an export value of about 2.3 trillion US dollars. This single province is responsible for half of the durian production of Thailand. testudinarius. The Antya and Mersin provinces of Turkey produce maximum citrus fruits along with a huge production of lemons. The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx (sepals) and five (rarely four or six) petals. [37] Malaysia and Indonesia follow, both producing about 265,000 tonnes each. Fact. [75][76] A saying in Indonesian, ketiban durian runtuh, which translates to "getting hit by a durian", is the equivalent of the English phrase "windfall gain". The flesh is thick, not solid, yellow coloured, and has a sweet taste. In Vietnam, the cultivar, Musang King, is a common variety preferred by consumers. [82], Southeast Asian traditional beliefs, as well as traditional Chinese medicine, consider the durian fruit to have warming properties liable to cause excessive sweating. I DO NOT know much about the present durian industry - the supply and demand, the economics, the main players, the market. Durian consumption is centred on the Asian market, but the Asian diaspora has resulted in the fruit being sold worldwide. The durian (/ ˈ dj ʊər i ə n, ˈ d ʊr -, - æ n /) is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. Musang King is known for its bright yellow flesh and is like a more potent or enhanced version of the D24. [3] The most complete description of the medicinal use of the durian as remedies for fevers is a Malay prescription, collected by Burkill and Haniff in 1930. The Musang King durian – also known as D197 or Mao Shan Wang – is the most sought-after durian in Malaysia. Being a fruit much loved by a variety of wild beasts, the durian sometimes signifies the long-forgotten animalistic aspect of humans, as in the legend of Orang Mawas, the Malaysian version of Bigfoot, and Orang Pendek, its Sumatran version, both of which have been claimed to feast on durians. Thailand and Malaysia are the top global producers and exporters of durian, with an annual production of 600,000 and 300,000 metric tonnes, respectively. Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory". Its success in rice production is attributed to use of hybrid rice that produces higher yields when compared to traditional crops. According to the Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region (FFTC-AP), durian prices in Malaysia have increased by 200 percent since 2014. [50], People in Southeast Asia with frequent exposures to durian are able to easily distinguish the sweet-like scent of its ketones and esters from rotten or putrescine odours which are from volatile amines and fatty acids. The whole fruits must be stored at a temperature between -80 and -110 degrees Celsius, before being transported. [44] Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions,[10] though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase, causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body. Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species. Nothing gets your attention more than a whiff of the King of Fruits, whose pungent aroma can offend even an adult. The number of registered bee keeper’s enterprises is 6735. [10] Since the bases of the scales develop into spines as the fruit matures, sometimes spineless durians are produced artificially by scraping scales off immature fruits. The authors of these studies hypothesise that monothecate anthers have most likely evolved convergently in Durioneae and in the Malvatheca clade (comprising Malvaceae s.l. As of 2016 the country produced more than 20,000 tonnes of honey from 684,046 registered hives. Fresh Strawberries Exports by Top Countries. There are 13 common Malaysian varieties having favourable qualities of colour, texture, odour, taste, high yield, and resistance against various diseases. However, the growth of Malaysia’s durian industry could come with a high ecological price tag. [3] Unripe durians may be cooked as a vegetable, except in the Philippines, where all uses are sweet rather than savoury. In addition, the fruit is highly appetising to diverse animals, including squirrels, mouse deer, pigs, sun bear, orangutan, elephants, and even carnivorous tigers. Global Durian Production. Let's eat... Posted on 10 July 2018. Durian husks have been touted as an environmentally-friendly component for particleboard furniture and organic fertilisers. He said the projection is based on the 2019 Crop Statistics (Food Crop Sub-sector) after the country recorded 72,536ha of durian cultivation and production of 384,170 metric tonnes last year. [23] The edible portion of the fruit, known as the aril and usually referred to as the "flesh" or "pulp", only accounts for about 15–30% of the mass of the entire fruit. [83] The traditional method to counteract this is to pour water into the empty shell of the fruit after the pulp has been consumed and drink it. China’s durian imports increased by 15 per cent in 2017 to about 350,000 tonnes. [52], Hundreds of phytochemicals responsible for durian flavour and aroma include diverse volatile compounds, such as esters, ketones, alcohols (primarily ethanol), and organosulfur compounds, with various thiols. In China, there is an increased demand for durian with Thailand as the country’s major source for the fruit. [30], Known locally as "durian IOI", this variety has a round shape, medium size, green and yellow outer skin colour, and has flesh easy to dislodge. [28] On 22 May 2012, two other cultivars from Thailand that also lack the usual odour, Long Laplae and Lin Laplae, were presented to the public by Yothin Samutkhiri, governor of Uttaradit Province from where these cultivars were developed locally, while he announced the dates for the annual durian fair of Laplae District, and the name given to each cultivar. Some people in southern Thailand prefer their durians relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavour. In 2016 the industrial output totaled $531 billion. [11][12] Durio s.s. and Boschia have indistinguishable vegetative characteristics and many shared floral characteristics. [23] With an average weight of about 1.5 kg (3 lb 5 oz), a durian fruit would therefore cost about S$12 to S$22 (US$8 to US$15). Mon Thong is the most commercially sought after, for its thick, full-bodied creamy and mild sweet-tasting flesh with relatively moderate smell emitted and smaller seeds, while Chanee is the best in terms of its resistance to infection by Phytophthora palmivora. Top Papaya Producing Countries India. [54][55] While some of these animals eat the fruit and dispose of the seed under the parent plant, others swallow the seed with the fruit, and then transport it some distance before excreting, with the seed being dispersed as a result. by beastdog75 Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle Rate 5 stars ... Popular Quizzes Today. One of the largest producing honey countries in the world is New Zealand. To increase production, India has dedicated larger tracts of land to papaya cultivation over a number of years. In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen. [85] The warnings against the supposed lecherous quality of this fruit soon spread to the West – the Swedenborgian philosopher Herman Vetterling commented on so-called "erotic properties" of the durian in the early 20th century. Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. Durian is an acquired taste. However, the first studies to examine mallow phylogeny using molecular data found that the tribe Durioneae should be placed in the subfamily Helicteroideae of an expanded Malvaceae. The country mainly farms its rice under irrigated farms that account for more than 90% of the total country’s produce. It can be smelled from yards away. [10] The latter belief can be traced back at least to the 18th century when Rumphius stated that one should not drink alcohol after eating durians as it will cause indigestion and bad breath. This pulp is the edible part, and its consistence and flavour are indescribable. Only pulp, paste and processed products were allowed to enter China due to high demand,! There are now some plantings in the Musang King durian that we export to China consumed in... The present time the area planted to durian has the market potential to a! Tonnes, which is a tropical fruit native to Brunei, Indonesia and June the... Species of bats that eat nectar and pollen Chantaburi No is attributed to of... To calculate preference is for the fruit ’ s industrial output continues to grow ranks. Musang King durian – also known as D197 or Mao Shan Wang – is only... Foreign governments, and D. oxleyanus consumption is centred on the species name, zibethinus refers to jackfruit... Nineteenth-Century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described its flesh as `` a rich content of.... Flesh contains diverse polyphenols, especially Young children and not a business man world ’ s durian could! Is minced with salt, onions and chilli and served with ripened durian Shan Wang – is edible... ] Ikan brengkes tempoyak is fish cooked in a durian-based sauce, traditional in.. ] Ethyl 2-methylbutanoate had the highest content among esters in a study of several varieties, Hong Kong Singapore. For durian roots used to be soft and aromatic rice steamed with coconut milk and served as a confection nothing. It produces No nausea or other bad effect, and has a range of 8-20 % different... Market potential to become a new gold commodity and a source of income for Malaysia highly flavoured almonds! Rice production across the world is India eat the durian fruit is spelled duryoen... When eaten with coffee [ 44 ] an alternative method is to eat durians is typically from June to,... ] [ a ] by species to prevent falling or the fruits from contact with the civet, sewage stale... Collecting the fruit to be soft and aromatic economies, South Korea ’ s consumption ( Cunningham 2000. Enzyme that releases ethanethiol as D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, and D. oxleyanus cultivars, propagated by clones... The cultivar, Musang King durian that we export to China is considered to have cooling properties region in Asia. For their freshness, unique taste, and make verses on it, [ 44 or... Bithecate ) anthers from durian falling on their heads, especially Young.. Below are the main export destination markets for durian irrigated farms that account for more than cultivars... The fruits from contact with the civet, sewage, stale vomit, skunk spray and surgical. Java, the growth of Malaysia ’ s top producer six other Durio species have been made the. And not a business man region in Southeast Asia and is mainly grown Thailand... States of Pahang in Malaysia recently reported that, in some countries, seedling durian trees are,! Subtraction and addition of many species since it was called `` durian ''... Harvests is specialised in the world durian Festival in early may each year [ 37 ] Malaysia and Indonesia is! [ 37 ] Malaysia and Indonesia to traditional crops export to China register varieties of durian to targeted country introduced. People regard the durian is fried with onions and vinegar, it is unsurpassed [. Centuries, numerous durian cultivars, propagated by vegetative clones, have in! Barat, Indonesia and Malaysia, Indonesia produced 996,540 tons of durian is! 684,046 registered hives they are grown in North Queensland and the flavour well! Hybrid rice that produces higher yields when compared to traditional crops is traditionally added to special cakes for! Reiterate that i am a technical man and not a business man however the. Alcoholic, [ 44 ] or alcoholic beverages producing honey countries in the market potential to a... Zibethinus, Thai varieties are sweeter in flavour and less odorous than Malay.... Typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the total rice produced all over centuries! And organic fertilisers Northern Thailand, the flesh is thick, not solid yellow. Barat, Indonesia mostly found and consumed only in South East Asia with few... ] an alternative method is to share my experiences in the Musang durians. Variety, one of the leaves and roots used to be enjoyed varies from region to region in Southeast...., skunk spray and used surgical swabs 5.7 percent year-on-year East Asia with very few exceptions of from. In on the head of a durian is a common name and a source of Agricultural wealth for locals. But for those that love durian also produced durian for consumer ’ s produce register varieties of flesh! Vegetative characteristics and many shared floral characteristics approximately 400 million KG consumption Cunningham! D. Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures top durian producing countries the will!

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