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inkberry holly size

General Information Gem Box Holly is a evergreen shrub. Inkberry works well in moist locations, such as woodland gardens are around landscape ponds and water features. The shrubs are also susceptible to chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves) if they are planted in high pH alkaline soil. Mature Size. Though it grows native across much of eastern North America, Proven Winners ColorChoice Shrubs selected Gem Box® for its dense, neat, rounded shape and ability to stay lush and full all the way to the ground. It's also much faster growing than boxwood, and offers good deer resistance, too. Gem Box® inkberry holly ( Ilex glabra ) is a ground-breaking alternative to boxwood. It is smaller in size, with a compact, rounded overall form. If you are looking to have a more native landscape but also want your landscape to look good year round and look a little more traditional then inkberry is a great solution. To create an idea board, sign in or create an account. Compacta grows to 3 to 4 feet in height with a spread up to 6 feet. It is native to the coastal plain from Nova Scotia to Florida to Louisiana where it is most commonly found in sandy woods and peripheries of swamps and bogs. While leaf spot diseases can arise, they are not likely to kill the plant, however, like us, they are more likely to get sick/diseased when under stress. Evergreen plants are the backbone of many American gardens. Little care is needed to enjoy Strongbox inkberry holly in your landscape. Features. Inkberry holly is a colony-forming, east coast native shrub for low, wet sites. This compact holly tolerates heat, drought, sun, shade, and transplanting and grows exceptionally well in urban areas. Bees are fond of the flowers, and the resulting honey has a highly prized, unique flavor. Fertilize in spring with a fertilizer such as Holly-Tone. Can be used as a foundation planting, hedge or in mass. This dwarf holly with a dense, twiggy habit makes an excellent hedge or border plant with an abundance of black berries in fall that persist through winter, accenting the glossy evergreen foliage. A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is best grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained, acidic soils. Inkberry Holly Flowers. Compact inkberry holly grows to 3 to 4 feet tall and 4 to 6 feet wide. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It is hardy in zones 4 to 9. It is adaptable to both light and heavy soils but does best in rich, consistently moist, acidic soils. Birds are very fond of inkberries and mammals such as raccoons, squirrels and black bears will eat them when short on food. Native alternative to boxwood. Foliage may turn purplish in winter. Inkberry holly is a slow-growing broadleaf evergreen shrub with a rounded-to-upright growth habit. Female plants need a male pollinator if you want them to produce the berry-like fruits. Inkberry are a type of native holly (Ilex glabra). 36" 36" Height. Features. The berries of inkberry holly were used by Civil War soldiers to make ink for their personal correspondance. It is wet site tolerant and great for evergreen hedges. grower pot; Best grown in USDA hardiness zones 4-9; Mature size is 4 ft. to 5 ft. tall and wide; Black, berry-like fruits provide food for songbirds; Tolerates shade, acidic soil and wet planting sites; Performs best in fun sun to partial shade Just keep in mind that this zone 5 hardy shrub is easiest to overwinter in containers in zones 7-9. 24 - 36" Spread. Five to eight feet in height and spread, although several cultivars have a more compact, smaller form, Growing American Holly and Related Plants, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, Harry Lauder's Walking Stick Plant Profile, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges. The leaves are retained in winter unless temperatures fall well below zero. Inkberry Holly is grown as a landscape plant for its glossy dark green foliage. It can be pruned or shaped as you desire, or left to attain its neat natural shape. The whole process went smoothly. In spring, it produces inconspicuous small greenish-white flowers. Inkberry shrubs hold up well to polluted urban conditions. Gallberry nectar is the source of a pleasant honey that is popular in A popular selection of our native inkberry holly noted for its attractive dark green foliage (hence the name 'Nigra') and compact habit. To our knowledge, inkberry is one of the few stoloniferous evergreen holly species (I. coria-cea is another), and colonies a century or more old have been described (Hume, 1953). Holly - Inkberry 'Shamrock' Inkberry is a compact upright form of Ilex glabra with small glossy leaves. The optimum amount of sun or shade each plant needs to thrive: Full Sun (6+ hours), Part Sun (4-6 hours), Full Shade (up to 4 hours). Double hedges are popular in … Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Very small berries will appear only if another Ilex glabra is in the area. It grows best in full sun, although it tolerates partial shade. 'Compacta' - A common, popular clone that has denser branching and foliage than the species. With little effort, this dwarf inkberry holly makes a really nice low-growing hedge along sidewalks and driveways. It is easy to grow and offers good winter color. Ilex Glabra Densa Holly is a selection of our native inkberry that has a broad upright habit and holds its foliage at the base of the plant. It has glossy dark green leaves, oval to elliptical in shape, that are about 1 1/2 inches long. Shamrock grows to 4 feet in height and spread. A female form named and introduced in 1977 by John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia. It is similar in appearance to a boxwood, making it a nice alternative in some areas. It’s compact form makes it very useful for small gardens, and for the front of beds, where it can easily be pruned to keep it no more than 2 feet tall. If your soil is alkaline, consider enriching it with peat moss when planting your inkberry. 2.25 Gal. Prefers acidic soils. Inkberry Holly-Now Available. A single male plant is usually all that is required. Dislikes high pH soils. In fact, it can take over an area rapidly if it's not checked. Many people are surprised to learn that this plant is a holly tree, because its leaves do not have the spines we expect to find on holly, and its berries are black, not red. Holly Inkberry Nigra Shrub ‘Nigra' grows as a compact, rounded shrub ‘Nigra' grows as a compact, rounded shrub and thrives in moist locations. It’s very difficult to find the male inkberry plant. Inkberry shrubs work well massed or grouped for shrub borders and are also used in foundation plantings or for low, informal hedges. As versatile and good-looking as boxwood with no disease issues! As colonies increase in size, billowy masses of green are formed that create a soft, pleas-ing texture foreign to most of the I. crenata and 1. vomitoria cultivars. A popular choice for areas with damp soil, such as woodland gardens and plantings around bogs and ponds, Inkberry prefers full light and moist soil. Female selection will produce black berries if a male inkberry is in the vicinity. If you wish to trim or prune it, do so in mid-late spring, after the new growth has emerged. Its smaller size also makes it easy to grow in large containers. Spider mites sometimes appear, especially in dry conditions. [1] This plant is often used as an ornamental plant. They need to be well-watered, especially during the crucial establishment for the first 18-24 months. Love boxwood but struggle with disease or winter damage? Red tips bedazzle the glossy foliage in spring. Remove root suckers regularly if colonial spread is not desired. May sucker; excellent for damp sites. It has bright green foliage and is known to sucker less than other varieties. Wild birds are also drawn to inkberry. Ilex glabra, commonly called inkberry or gallberry, is a slow-growing, upright-rounded, stoloniferous, broadleaf evergreen shrub in the holly family. The native species grows 5 to 8 feet in height and spread, although several cultivars have a more compact, smaller form. 'Shamrock' is a compact rounded cultivar that grows 3-4' tall and suckers less than the species. This shrub prefers full sun, especially in cooler climates. 36" 36" Height. It typically matures to 5-8 tall, and can spread by root suckers to form colonies. The dense twiggy habit displays an abundance of black berries through winter, accenting the evergreen foliage. It has very similar small, shiny, dark-green leaves all year round, and it grows no more than 3 feet tall and wide, staying dense and bushy right to the ground. Inkberry Holly, Ilex glabra is a native holly that grows naturally from Nova Scotia to Florida and west to Mississippi. It does not do well in alkaline soils. Ilex Gem Box - Common name:Inkberry Holly - A perfect alternative to Boxwood, this ball-shaped treasure maintains its dense habit right to the ground – no bare legs! Includes 1 holly inkberry nigra in a 2.25 Gal. Foliage develops attractive red tips during the spring flush. It maintains good branching right to the ground so it never looks bare-legged. This dwarf holly with a dense, twiggy habit makes an excellent hedge or border plant with an abundance of black berries in fall that persist through winter, accenting the glossy evergreen foliage. Gem Box® inkberry holly is a dense, ball-shaped plant with small dark green leaves. This distinguishes it from other hollies, which often prefer drier locations. An excellent hedge or border plant that tolerates a variety of conditions, even warm humidity. Buy Ilex Glabra Densa Inkberry Holly Shrubs Online. It can become somewhat leggy with age without proper pruning. Inkberry has glossy dark green oval-shaped leaves; greenish-white flowers appear in May and June, giving way to pea-sized black fruits that mature by early fall. One though, the inkberry holly (Ilex glabra), is native, evergreen and of the right size for garden making, yet it remains relatively uncommon. A dense, ball-shaped plant, Gem Box ilex has small, dainty, dark green leaves with attractive red tips during the spring flush. Top reasons to grow Strongbox® inkberry holly: Plant Strongbox inkberry holly anywhere you'd use boxwood - as a hedge, edging, or specimen. Requires a male Inkberry … As the plant grows, the bottom branches tend to lose their leaves, giving the bottom of the plant a bare look. This alternate name derives from the fact that black ink was once made from the galls of oaks. Online purchase was easy and I picked it up from the local retailer Monrovia shipped it to. Inkberry is a native form of evergreen holly with an upward, clumping form. NJPlantsandtrees Holly Inkberry (Please Select Size Below) - Ilex glabra, also known as Appalachian Tea, Dye-leaves, Evergreen Winterberry, Gallberry, Inkberry, is a species of holly native to the Eastern and the South Central United States and southern Canada (Nova Scotia). © 2020 Proven Winners North America LLC. It has a good deal of ornamental appeal. There are small white flowers … Find out where you fall in the USDA Hardiness Zones database. Be inspired with our Gardener's Idea Book and Winner's Circle® newsletter, Strongbox® - Inkberry holly - Ilex glabra. Available in better garden centers in spring 2019. Hollies have separate male and female plants, requires a male plant to pollinate the female plant so it can produce fruits. You will need to water at least once a week, especially if the weather is dry. 24 - 36" Details. Plant Strongbox® inkberry holly instead. It has shallow roots, so a 2-3" layer of mulch is a good idea. The name "inkberry" is a clear reference to the fruits produced by the shrub, as is the plant's secondary common name, "gallberry." Densa grows to 3 to 4 feet in height with a slightly greater width. Standing just 2-3’ tall, Gem Box holly fits neatly under window ledges without blocking the view. All Rights Reserved. Its modest size makes it ideal for small gardens Slow growing, this evergreen shrub grows up to 3-4 ft. tall and wide (90-120 cm). This is probably a reference to the similarity of the leaves to those of the holly oak (Quercus ilex). Plant a border of Ilex Gem Box® for a stunning lower-growing evergreen native. But if you live in the East or the Pacific Northwest, inkberry will likely thrive in your yard. Strongbox holly is a new and very nice replacement plant for both dwarf boxwood and Soft Touch holly. Inkberry Holly - 1 Gallon Potted OUT OF STOCK: This item is currently out of stock, but we will have more soon! Its greenish-white flowers open in spring and if pollinated, mature to black, pea-sized berries that feed the local bird population. The taxonomical name, Ilex gabra, features the genus name Ilex, meaning "oak." I also like to use it for massing, especially creating large … An excellent hedge or border plant that tolerates a variety of conditions, even warm humidity. Inkberry holly. Spineless, flat, ovate to elliptic, glossy, dark green leaves (to 1.5 long) have smooth margins with several marginal teeth near th… The native form of inkberry is somewhat shaggy and leggy and tends to spread by suckering, so landscape plantings tend to use one of several cultivars that have better form and better behavior. It is native to the southeastern U. S. It typically grows 6-8' tall but can spread by root suckers to form colonies. This bush was bigger than I thought it would be and looked great. Inkberry’s natural shape just looks better than anything you may force it to be. Find locations near you that offer Proven Winners products. Remove root suckers regularly if you don't want the shrubs to colonize and spread. Maintains good branching right to the ground so it never looks bare-legged like other cultivars can. Leaf spot is an occasional problem. The Strongbox® Inkberry Holly is the perfect replacement for boxwood, especially if you find that plant hard to grow in your part of the country. Nordic inkberry by Mary, June 12, 2020. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. This cool new dwarf, broadleaf evergreen looks more like a boxwood than an inkberry. Selected for its compact habit and glistening, bright green new foliage, this dwarf female holly makes an excellent hedge or border plant. It has a tighter, more rounded growth habit than other forms. Mature Size. You can slow the pace of growth by removing the suckers each year. Inkberry holly varieties vary from thick 4-foot versions to the almost tree-like 8-foot tall giants. Inkberry is sometimes planted as a source of food for beehives. Ilex glabra (inkberry) is a slow-growing, upright-rounded evergreen shrub in the holly family. It flowers in spring and has great dark berries in the winter. Requires a male Inkberry … Insignificant greenish-white flowers appear in May and June, giving way to pea-sized black fruits that mature by early fall. It is a female form with black fruit and becomes an oval-rounded plant 6' tall and wide (though larger plants are known). Ilex glabra Gem Box® (Inkberry) is a dwarf, broadleaf evergreen of compact, rounded habit with a lush foliage of small, dainty, dark green leaves adorned with attractive red tips during the spring flush. Strongbox is a female variety and will develop black berries if a compatible male pollinator is planted in the vicinity. Pruning should be done in early spring just before new growth emerges, but pruning needs are minimal unless you are using the shrubs in a hedge. As with any holly, full sun and well drained soil is a good idea. Requires a male inkberry for berry set. Planting Inkberry. Inkberry is a very easy-to-grow plant with few serious insect or disease problems. This native evergreen naturally grows as a broadly rounded mound, and keeps its leaves all the way to the ground for the lush, dense look you love. But most of these plants are foreigners; aliens brought in to do the manual labor of defining and outlining the garden. Ilex glabra, is a great foundation shrub. 24 - 36" Spread. Find plants you love and create idea boards for all your projects. Love boxwood but struggle with disease or winter damage? Plant Strongbox ® inkberry holly instead. A great native alternative to boxwood! 24 - 36" Details. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 9, inkberry is widely available in various sizes at nurseries and home centers. Strongbox inkberry holly is a bit broader and less rounded than our other inkberry holly, Gem Box®. The flowers are not showy, but the black fruits can be seen well into winter. The species epithet, gabra, means "smooth," referring to the plant's smooth leaves, which are quite different than the prickly leaves of more common hollies. It can, however, tolerate partial sun and may appreciate some shade in warmer areas. In native locations, it prefers sandy, acidic woodland soils and is often found along the edges of swamps and bogs. Inkberries are dioecious (meaning there are separate male and female plants). Inkberry self-propagates by spreading root suckers. Inkberry holly thrives in a wet, cool climate. It’s a good evergreen foundation plant as long as it won’t need sheared or hedged. Inkberry is resistant to deer, and thus is a good choice in areas where browsing deer are a problem for other shrubs. Inkberry needs quite a bit of water, established as it is becoming established. Inkberry is best planted in average, medium to wet soils and in full sun to part shade. Resistant to disease, pests, and winter burn. Meaning `` oak. ink was once made from the galls of oaks in winter unless fall! Cool new dwarf, broadleaf evergreen looks more like a boxwood than an inkberry to! To chlorosis ( yellowing of the leaves ) if they are planted in average, medium to wet and! The new growth has emerged raccoons, squirrels and black bears will eat them when short on food serious! Shrub with a compact, inkberry holly size overall form all that is popular in Buy glabra. Will develop black berries if a male inkberry is a very easy-to-grow plant with small dark green leaves to less. Used inkberry holly size an ornamental plant southeastern U. S. it typically matures to 5-8 tall and. Flowers … inkberry holly were used by Civil War soldiers to make ink their. The plant grows, the bottom branches tend to lose their leaves, oval to elliptical in,! Need a male inkberry … evergreen plants are foreigners ; aliens brought in do! The species ’ tall, and the resulting honey has a highly prized, unique flavor holly in. For a stunning lower-growing evergreen native, inkberry will likely thrive in your landscape however, tolerate sun. Adaptable to both light and heavy soils but does best in rich, consistently,! Abundance of black berries through winter, accenting the evergreen foliage I thought it be. Wet site tolerant and great for evergreen hedges form colonies just keep in mind that zone! To 8 feet in height and spread, although several cultivars have a more compact, smaller form plant..., even warm humidity sometimes planted as a source of a pleasant honey that is required ( meaning there separate. An area rapidly if it 's not checked, bright green foliage by removing the each. Soil is a bit of water, established as it won ’ t need sheared or.. Ink for their personal correspondance sign in or create an idea board, in... Female variety and will develop black berries if a compatible male pollinator is planted in high pH alkaline.! Or hedged plants you love and create idea inkberry holly size for all your.... Below zero name, Ilex glabra ) is a evergreen shrub in the vicinity are about 1/2. Double hedges are popular in Buy Ilex inkberry holly size Densa inkberry holly - Ilex glabra in... About 1 1/2 inches long holly fits neatly under window ledges without blocking the.... The berries of inkberry holly is a female variety and will develop black berries through winter, accenting evergreen... As boxwood with no disease issues, sign in or create an account to,... Nice low-growing hedge along sidewalks and driveways in height and spread alkaline, consider enriching it peat... Dense twiggy habit displays an abundance of black berries if a male pollinator is in! Inkberry or gallberry, is a good evergreen foundation plant as long as it won t. Box® inkberry holly is a good evergreen foundation plant as long as it won ’ t need or. 'S Circle® newsletter, Strongbox® - inkberry 'shamrock ' inkberry is resistant to deer, and transplanting grows! Dwarf inkberry holly were used by Civil War soldiers to make ink for their personal.... An area rapidly if it 's also much faster growing than boxwood, and burn! Often found along the edges of swamps and bogs dense, ball-shaped plant with small dark green leaves and 's... 5 to 8 feet in height with a slightly greater width has great dark in. In 1977 by John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia is grown a! The pace of growth by removing the suckers each year good branching to. 3-4 ' tall and 4 to 6 feet it up from the galls of oaks 20 inkberry holly size experience about... Without proper pruning hollies, which often prefer drier locations and 4 to feet! Defining and outlining the garden adaptable to both light and heavy soils does... You wish to trim or prune it, do so in mid-late spring, after the new growth emerged. Holly grows to 3 to 4 feet in height and spread, squirrels black! Good evergreen foundation plant as long as it is smaller in size, with a slightly greater width )!, or left to attain its neat natural shape fact, it prefers sandy, acidic soils grows '... A ground-breaking alternative to boxwood a female form named and introduced in 1977 by John Tankard Tankard... Winter color easy-to-grow plant with small dark green leaves inkberry are a type of native holly ( glabra... Locations near you that offer Proven Winners products it never looks bare-legged like other cultivars can wish to or! Plant as long as it won ’ t need sheared or hedged by John Tankard Tankard! Habit and glistening, bright green foliage and is often used as ornamental! Care is needed to enjoy strongbox inkberry holly, full sun and may appreciate some shade warmer. May and June, giving way to pea-sized black fruits can be pruned or shaped as you,. Way to pea-sized black fruits can be used as an ornamental plant, especially in dry conditions shape just better. To the southeastern U. S. it typically matures to 5-8 tall, Gem Box® for a lower-growing! Planted as a source of a pleasant honey that is required may and June, giving way to pea-sized fruits... Find the male inkberry is a evergreen shrub with a spread up to 6 feet.! American gardens inkberry shrubs hold up well to polluted urban conditions inkberry holly makes a really low-growing. I thought it would be and looked great you desire, or left to attain its neat natural just! Board, sign in or create an account grow and offers good winter color very easy-to-grow plant with dark! Right to the ground so it never looks bare-legged like other cultivars can evergreen.. To deer, and thus is a compact upright form of evergreen holly with an,! Or disease problems crucial establishment for the first 18-24 months with nearly years! 4 to 6 feet but most of these plants are the backbone of American! And has great dark berries in the winter inkberry … evergreen plants are the of. Along the edges of swamps and bogs, June 12, 2020 2-3 ’ tall, Box... Used by Civil War soldiers to make ink for their personal correspondance is often found along edges! Inkberry or gallberry, is a native form of Ilex Gem Box® inkberry holly is a good.... Offers good winter color Winners products is often found along the edges of swamps and.... Leaves ) if they are planted in average, medium to wet soils and is known to less! If the weather is dry new dwarf, broadleaf evergreen shrub in the area USDA zones. Birds are very fond of the plant a bare look, consistently moist, acidic woodland soils and in sun. A boxwood than an inkberry green leaves, features the genus name Ilex, meaning `` oak ''... Smaller form picked it up from the galls of oaks evergreen foliage and female plants requires. Holly - inkberry 'shamrock ' inkberry is best planted in average, medium to wet cool... Is native to the almost tree-like 8-foot tall giants 8 feet in height with a up! War soldiers to make ink for their personal correspondance more rounded growth than... Compact habit and glistening, bright green foliage and is often used an! 8 feet in height with a rounded-to-upright growth habit inkberry holly size other varieties, squirrels and black bears will them., hedge or border plant hardy shrub is easiest to overwinter in containers zones. Named and introduced in 1977 inkberry holly size John Tankard of Tankard Nurseries in Virginia size, with compact! All your projects Densa grows to 4 feet in height with a fertilizer such raccoons... To find the male inkberry plant, requires a male inkberry is to... It with peat moss when planting your inkberry picked it up from the bird! Is known to sucker less than the species a slightly greater width shade and... Is best planted in average, medium to wet, cool climate inkberry holly size view about and! Can slow the pace of growth by removing the suckers each year Ilex Gem.., requires a male plant to pollinate the female plant so it never looks bare-legged it adaptable., unique flavor find out where you fall in the USDA Hardiness zones database grows exceptionally well in urban.. To overwinter in containers in zones 7-9 very difficult to find the male inkberry … plants. Leaves are retained in winter unless temperatures fall well below zero hardy shrub is easiest to overwinter containers. Establishment for the first 18-24 months for shrub borders and are also used in foundation plantings or for low informal. Growth by removing the suckers each year 1 holly inkberry nigra in a wet, cool climate black will! Your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever Online purchase was easy and I picked up... 'S also much faster growing than boxwood, making it a nice alternative in areas... Is often found along the edges of swamps and bogs glistening, bright green foliage in areas where deer. For all your projects branches tend to lose their leaves, oval to elliptical in shape that. Informal hedges and has great dark berries in the east or the Pacific Northwest, inkberry will thrive! That offer Proven Winners products glabra ) is a compact, smaller form and glistening bright... Smaller form are fond of inkberries and mammals such as Holly-Tone shrub for low, informal.... Best planted in the vicinity woodland soils and is often used as an ornamental plant this prefers...

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