It's relatively small due to poor nutrition. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb), are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. , Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes. Common eland are found throughout Southern Africa. Habits: Live in groups of up to 1000. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22055A50196938.en. It is a species of the family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus.  Apart from a rough mane, the coat is smooth. The larger herds are generally formed females and juveniles while males form small herds or wander on their own. Clostridium chauvoei, another bacterium, can be harmful as well. Common elands are also pictured as supporters in the coat of arms of Grootfontein, Namibia. The horns are visible as small buds in newborns and grow rapidly during the first seven months. The larger herds are generally formed females and juveniles while males form small herds or wander on their own. The largest of the spiral-horned antelope, this ox-like bovid develops the thick neck, hump, and dewlap characteristics of the Brahma bull. While the common eland's population is decreasing, it is classified as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Eland can be found in many National Parks and reserves today, including Nairobi National Park and Tsavo East National Park, Tsavo West National Park, Masai Mara National Reserve, (Kenya); Serengeti National Park, Ruaha National Park and Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, (Tanzania); Kagera National Park (Rwanda); Nyika National Park (Malawi); Lake Mburo National Park (Uganda); Kidepo Valley National Park (Uganda); Luangwa Valley and Kafue National Park (Zambia); Hwange National Park, Matobo National Park, Tuli Safari Area and Chimanimani Eland Sanctuary (Zimbabwe); Kruger National Park, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Giant's Castle and Suikerbosrand NR (South Africa). Page 2 of 16. Males also have dense fur on their foreheads and a large dewlap on their throats. A mature bull can weigh over a ton, having a thick neck, hump, and a dewlap reminiscent of a Brahma bull. Females are sometimes less than half the weight … The conclusions strongly supported the presence of a longer-standing population in the south and a mosaic of Pleistocene refugia in the east. However, they can maintain a 22 kilometres (14 mi) per hour trot indefinitely. It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. When eland bulls walk, their fore legs make a distinct clicking sound.  Mating begins when elands gather to feed on lush green plains with plentiful grass, and some males and females start mating with each other in separate pairs. The common eland is sometimes farmed and hunted for its meat, and in some cases can be better used than cattle because it is more suited to African climates. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. They are smart, shifty and elusive! Relatively large numbers of common eland now live on private land, particularly in Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa, reflecting its value as a trophy animal. , Male elands and female greater kudus can produce a viable male hybrid, though it is not known if it is sterile. Christopher Kinsey shows off his number 9 eland bull taken in 1991 with the help of Rudy Lubin of Haut Chinko Safari. An adult male is around 1.6 metres (5') tall at the shoulder (females are 20 centimetres (8") shorter) and can weigh up to 942 kg (2,077 lb) with an average of 500–600 kg (1,100–1,300 lb), 340–445 kg (750–981 lb) for females). It does not need to be stored in a fridge and can last for up to eight months when properly prepared instead of a few days. Giant Eland can move quickly, running at over 43 mph (70 km/h), and despite their size are exceptional jumpers, easily clearing heights of 1.5 m (4.9 ft). The flehmen response also occurs, primarily in males in response to contact with female urine or genitals. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22055A115166135. Bullets, however, can and do fail in practice. , The common eland was first described in 1766 by the German zoologist and botanist Peter Simon Pallas.  Grasses the eland eats include Setaria and Themeda and fruits from Securinega and Strychnos. The average male eland weight is between a whopping 400 and 940 kilograms.. His buddies were seen running further away. Females will urinate to indicate fertility during the appropriate phase of their estrous cycle, as well as to indicate their lack of fertility when harassed by males. The common eland is used by humans for leather, meat, and rich, nutritious milk, and has been domesticated in many areas. Bulls weigh 400–942 kg (882–2,077 lb), are 240–345 cm (94–136 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 150–183 cm (59–72 in) at the shoulder. If you want Eland meat then shoot a young bull at a R/kg price and you get a +- 120 kg carcass with very good meat. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). Eland are also hosts to several kinds of ticks. The females allow the dominant female to mate with them. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. An accidental crossing of an east African common eland (T. o. pattersonianus') with an east African kudu (T. s. bea) occurred in the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. The first members of the tribe Tragelaphini appear 6 million years in the past during the late Miocene. Eland hunting will result in a larger trophy than both kudu and roan antelope. Elands feed during the night in hot weather and sleep for long periods during the day. Several years ago, I took one such specimen largely exceeding that weight.  The horns of males are thicker and shorter than those of females (males' horns are 43–66 centimetres (17–26 in) long and females' are 51–69 centimetres (20–27 in) long), and have a tighter spiral.  The dominant male can mate with more than one female. At the shoulder they stand 150-183cm (59-72in) tall). Bulls weigh 882–2,077 pounds and stand 59–72 inches at the shoulder. At the shoulder they stand 125-153cm (49-60in) tall. , The common eland is the slowest antelope, with a peak speed of 40 kilometres (25 mi) per hour that tires them quickly. Mating may occur anytime. It is more common for juveniles to be preyed upon. Females have a complex linear hierarchy. 245 108. Eland are predominantly a reddish fawn to tawny colour, but usually darken with age. Older mature males can weigh up to one ton and can be very difficult to bring down. . Under the throat is a dewlap (a fold of skin). 2) If you want a trophy and you have the money and you have not shot one before then go for the 400 kg bull but don't expect soft succulent meat. , Common elands communicate via gestures, vocalizations, scent cues and display behaviors. A ... (Spanish) Fighting Bull Giant Eland v Iberian (Spanish) Fighting Bull. The female group is much larger and covers greater areas. 50% of the elands in Africa live in protected reserves. Olle Bexander comes in at number 11 with this bull taken in 2000 with Fred Duckworth Safaris. The common eland prefers habitats with a wide variety of flowering plants such as savannah, woodlands, and open and montane grasslands; it avoids dense forests. Join Our Mailing List to Get Daily Animal Profiles & Animal News Delivered to Your Mailbox. Reports state that repeated matings of male elands with domestic (Bos primigenius) and zebu cows (Bos indicus) have also produced sterile hybrids. They have a body length between 2.2 and 3.45 m (7.2 - 11.3 ft), a tail length of 90 cms (35 inches), and they weigh between 300 and 1,000 kgs (660 - 2,210 lbs). Juveniles and mothers tend to form larger herds, while males may separate into smaller groups or wander individually. Eland hunting is surprisingly difficult considering that they are the largest species of plains game in Africa. Their home range is between 200 and 400km2 (77.2-154.4mi2) for females and their young with males having smaller ranges of about 50km2 (19.3mi2). The calves start befriending each other and stay back in the nursery group while the mother returns to the female group. Elands are herbivorous. They need less water than normal cows and the milk produced is richer in milkfat. Mating may occur anytime after reaching sexual maturity, but is mostly seen in the rainy season. Trophy Eland Bull: $7,950; Meat Eland (Cow or Young Bull): $3,500; Trophy Fee is in addition to $250 per day which covers All-Inclusive Hunt Package. In Zambia, young are born in July and August, while elsewhere it is the mating season. The common eland hunted in Southern Africa is the world's second largest species of antelope. Herds of eland will often associate with zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes.  They require a high-protein diet of succulent leaves from flowering plants but will consume lower quality plant material if available including forbs, trees, shrubs, grasses, seeds and tubers. A large old bull can weigh in at over 900Kg (2000lbs). Common elands live on the open plains of southern Africa and along the foothills of the great southern African plateau. The tail is 50–90 cm (20–35 in) long. Sometimes, wild eland will break through enclosures to mix with domesticated ones. It uses loud barks, visual and postural movements and the flehmen response to communicate and warn others of danger. There are no doubt bulls that will reach, or exceed, 500 kg but those are very much exceptions to the rule. If they need to conserve water they may increase their body temperature. If you pick up a fresh bull spoor in the early morning, your chances of catching up to him in the late afternoon are quite good.  Their need for water is quite low because they produce urine with a high-urea content, but they require a substantial grazing area, along with salt licks and large amounts of supplementary foods like maize, sorghum, melons and beans which can be expensive.  When Dutch settlers came to the Cape Province, they named it after the large, herbivorous moose. Elands are capable of jumping up to 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) from a standing start when startled (up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) for young elands). Bulls may also have a series of vertical white stripes on their sides (mainly in parts of the Karoo in South Africa). The common eland (Taurotragus oryx), also known as the southern eland or eland antelope, is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. He and his two friends ran about 40 yards and disappeared behind some brush. The eland is featured on the coat of arms of Grootfontein in Namibia. Autotrophic Organism. The Common Eland stands around two metres at the shoulder and weighs 275 kilograms (600 lb) to a tonne (2,200 lb). Juvenile elands are more vulnerable than adults to their predators.. Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. We’ll blame it on the post-baby weight. They also use their horns to break off branches that are hard to reach. Giant Eland - Taurotragus derbianus The giant eland (Taurotragus derbianus), also known as the Lord Derby eland, is an open-forest savanna antelope. Both bulls and cows sport a set of horns that twist from the base to the tip. Once the leaves start to turn and the air gets a bit more crisp, thousands of hunters find themselves in the Alaskan backcountry in hopes of finding a legal bull moose to fill their freezers, let alone a record breaking Alaskan bull moose to remember for years to come. It belongs to the order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae and subfamily Bovinae. Weights range from 300-600kg (660-1,320lb) for females. , Common elands are resistant to trypanosomiasis, a protozoan infection that has the tsetse fly as a vector, but not to the Rhipicephalus-transmitted disease theileriosis.  Females have a gestation period of 9 months, and give birth to only one calf each time. Tauros means a bull, tragos means a he-goat and oryx mean a gazelle or antelope. 2016. It is the second largest antelope in the world, being slightly smaller on average than the giant eland.  As they are docile and inactive most of the time, they can easily be killed.  They travel the grassy plains in wet periods and prefer bushy areas in dry periods. This was believed to be due to the absence of male kudus in the herd. This has led to some Southern African farmers switching from cattle to eland. Tragos is Greek for a male goat, and refers to the tuft of hair that grows in the eland's ear which resembles a goat's beard.. A full-grown eland bull can weigh around 2000lbs and measure almost 6ft in shoulder height. Eland are considered part of the spiral horn family of antelope together with. A male can mate with a number of females. Well adapted for dry hot climate. , The Bovidae family ancestors of the common eland evolved approximately 20 million years ago in Africa; fossils are found throughout Africa and France but the best record appears in sub-Saharan Africa. Males mature at seven years and continue to add bulk with age, whereas females are mature by four years and remain much slimmer, with a shoulder height of 120–150 cm (47–59 inches) and a weight of 317–470 kg (699–1,036 pounds). In Dutch the animal is called "Eland antelope" to distinguish it from the moose, which is found in the northern boreal forests. , Males, females and juveniles each form separate social groups. Females measure between 200 and 280cm (79-110in) from the snout to the start of the tail. They make their home in semi-arid areas with many shrub-like bushes mostly but can also be found in grasslands, woodlands, sub desert, bush and mountaintops. The disease-causing bacteria Theileria taurotragi has caused many eland deaths. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group.  The eland can conserve water by increasing its body temperature. The Livingstone Eland Bull, Cape Eland's Northern counterpart, has a similar weight of 650-910 kg: Source: Bovids of the World: Antelopes, Gazelles, Cattle, Goats, Sheep, and … They are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller than the males. , Females are sexually mature at 15–36 months and males at 4–5 years. This results in fights between males, in which their hard horns are used. Tauros is Greek for a bull or bullock, meaning the same as the Latin taurus. It is normally 2-4 hours before the female allows him to mount. Mainly an herbivore, its diet is primarily grasses and leaves. Common elands are herbivores that browse during drier winter months but have also adapted to grazing during the rainy season when grasses are more common. However, it has the endurance to maintain a trot indefinitely and can jump a 1.5 meter (4 feet) fence from a standstill. The scientific name taurotragus oryx comes from Greek.  Using ground counts and aerial surveys, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) calculates the population density of the common eland to be between 0.05 and 1 per square kilometre with a total population estimate of 136,000. I arrowed a big bull eland in 2014. An average weight for a male eland would be somewhere between 400 and 492kg (882-2,077lb). Bow was 70 pounds, 450 gr arrow with 125 Slick trick and I got a pass through. Weight. However, they are still pretty hefty, weighing up to 600 kg. Also plan for several R000's for having the trophy done at a good Taxidermy.  Females weigh 300–600 kg (660–1,320 lb), measure 200–280 cm (79–110 in) from the snout to the base of the tail and stand 125–153 cm (49–60 in) at the shoulder. The tail adds 50-90cm (20-35in) to the length of both males and females. Most of their water requirements are fulfilled by the food. The scientific name of the common eland is Taurotragus oryx, composed of three words: tauros, tragos and oryx.  Oryx is Latin and Greek (generally orygos) for pickaxe, referring to the pointed horns of North African antelopes like the common eland and scimitar-horned oryx. Tragelaphus oryx (errata version published in 2017). An extinct ancestor of the common eland (Taurotragus arkelli) appears in the Pleistocene in northern Tanzania and the first T. oryx fossil appears in the Holocene in Algeria. Shot was about 20 yds, broadside, and entered tight behind the right leg that was a bit forward. The hybrid produced was sterile, which was unexpected before the study. It generally occurs when the elands all gather on the lush green plains where they can feed on the plentiful grasses. They also communicate through the smells in their urine. The massive, tan-coloured, common eland is related to kudus and other spiral-horned antelope species. The cow, which is usually much smaller, weighs around 1100lbs and measures around 4,8 feet. Females have a tan coat, while the coats of males are darker, with a bluish-grey tinge. On some occasions males will engage in fights using their horns.  The common eland's life expectancy is generally between 15 and 20 years; in captivity some live up to 25 years. Males use their horns during rutting season to wrestle and butt heads with rivals, while females use their horns to protect their young from predators. It is believed that the weight of the animal causes the two halves of its hooves to splay apart, and the clicking is the result of the hoof snapping together when the animal raises its leg. Eland Facts: The Common Eland, or Southern Eland, (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plains antelope found in East and Southern Africa. It was borrowed earlier as ellan (French) in the 1610s or Elend (German). In the morning and evening they eat. Nyala; Bushbuck, and; Kudu; Eland are, in spite of their size, extremely agile and … A MATURE ELAND BULL HAS AN AVERAGE: SHOULDER HEIGHT: 67 INCHES WEIGHS: 1500 - 2000 POUNDS HORN LENGTH: 33 INCHES SCI MINIMUM SCORE 77 INCHES (Length of both horns + circumference of bases). They are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller than the males. It’s been theorized that this sound is made by a tendon in the leg sliding over a leg bone and making a sound like a guitar string being plucked. They are spiral-horned antelopes. Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (… I've seen too many good hits with 300-grain bullets carrying in excess of 3,000 f-p energy fail to knock … , Housing common elands is difficult due to their ability to jump over fences as high as 3 metres (9.8 ft) or simply break through using their substantial mass. The similarity of dates obtained from more studies indicates a significant event c. 200 ka, which had brought a great change in the genetic history of the species..  In southern Africa common elands will often associate with herds of zebras, roan antelopes and oryxes. On top of a males head their fur is quite dense.  Male elands can weigh up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). IUCN Conservation Status: Cape eland: Lower Risk, Least concern (LR/lc). Color is grayish-brown with older males developing a bluish-gray around the neck. The male groups are the smallest; the members stay together and search for food or water sources. , Their coat differs geographically, with elands in northern part of their range having distinctive markings (torso stripes, markings on legs, dark garters and a spinal crest) that are absent in the south. , Eland herds are accompanied by a loud clicking sound that has been subject to considerable speculation. They are not territorial and have large home ranges. , The name 'eland' is Dutch for "elk" or "moose". It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. Standing at 76 inches (1.7 meters) at shoulder-height, makes it the largest Southern African antelope. The males horns reach 43-66cm (17-26in) long while females come in between 51 and 69cm (20-27in). They roam in herds of up to 500. Etymology. Their coat is an orangey-brown but becomes more grey in males as they age. , Common elands are nomadic and crepuscular. Located in the sub-Saharan savanna biome of east and southern Africa, the study used methods like analysis of mitochondrial DNA control-region fragments from 122 individuals to learn more about various topics, such as the phylogeography, genetic diversity, demographic history of the species. The majority of their diet is made up of high protein succulent leaves from flowering plants. During the heat of the day they rest. The common eland has been domesticated in South Africa and Russia. Males chase the females to find out if they are in estrus.  As they quickly adjust to the surroundings due to seasonal changes and other causes, they also change their feeding habits. The common eland is crepuscular. Weights range from 300-600kg (660-1,320lb) for females. It means that your Eland bull must be over 1000 kg (1 ton) on the hoof. Optimum Game Weight formula doesn't recommend 30-06 for game as heavy as this eland bull, but it worked anyway. Cautiously we followed and 300 more yards into the walk, the bigger bull moved to the left which should put him where I might get a shot. , Three subspecies of common eland have been recognized, though their validity has been in dispute. Most of their water is obtained from their food, though they will drink water when available. Sometimes she runs away from males trying to mate, causing more attraction. The pleasant-tasting milk has a butterfat content of 11-17% and can be stored for up to eight months if properly prepared, versus several days for cow milk. The cow-like eland is the world’s largest antelope.  It has a Baltic source similar to the Lithuanian élnis, which means "deer".  The sound carries some distance from a herd, and may be a form of communication. A young eland bull encountered while hunting in Namibia. Their size makes the eland the slowest antelope, with a max speed of 40 mph; despite their “lack” of speed they can actually jump 9ft. Both sexes have a signature square profile – accentuated in the bull by a large dewlap – and straight horns that are longer and narrower in the female. Weaning occurs at six months old. The population is, however, gradually decreasing due to habitat loss, caused by expanding human settlements and poaching for its superior meat. They also test the female's urine. Common elands can reproduce in captivity, but calf survival is low and the young may need to be separated from their mothers to ensure health and adequate feeding.  Most of these populations appear to be stable. The calves leave the nursery group when they are at least two years old and join a male or female group. At the tip of the tail is a tuft of black fur.  Elands do, however, avoid forests, swamps and deserts. INTERESTING HUNTING NOTES: The largest of the Spiral Horned family in South Africa. Sexual maturity is achieved between one and three years of age while males are not mature until four to five years of age. Common elands are spiral-horned antelopes.  Husbandry requires care because the generally placid animals startle easily and require large amounts of space.  The species became extinct in Swaziland and Zimbabwe, but has been reintroduced. ), Firearm Dealers / Gun Shops / Firearms Training Facilities, What weight projectile for Eland from Howa 30.06. Currently, common elands are not endangered. Up went the sticks and I moved behind them and got ready … 2016. Here they can be found in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Malawi, Tanzania, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and South Africa. 590 to 997 kilograms (1,300 to 2,200 pounds) Size. , International Union for Conservation of Nature, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, 10.1644/1545-1410(2002)689<0001:TO>2.0.CO;2, "Husbandry Guidelines For The Common Eland", "A long‐standing Pleistocene refugium in southern Africa and a mosaic of refugia in East Africa: insights from mtDNA and the common eland antelope", "The Living Africa: Wildlife – Bovid Family – Common Eland", "Taurotragus oryx (Common eland)-Ontogeny and Reproduction", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_eland&oldid=985311716, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Distribution of the common eland over the, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 06:44. 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Include Setaria and Themeda and fruits from Securinega and Strychnos eland hunted Southern. Tribe Tragelaphini appear 6 million years in the east of up to 1,000 kg ( 2,200 lb ) it... Inches at the tip mature bull can weigh in at over 900Kg ( 2000lbs ) part of the.... Tad smaller, weighs around 1100lbs and measures around 4,8 feet or Southern eland is Taurotragus oryx ) common... Sterile, which means `` deer '' small herd that stays close to the surroundings due colonization. Basing on the neck bull must be over 1000 kg ( 1 ). Plains of Southern Africa is the second largest antelope with spiraled horns coming out of the Tragelaphini! Dress out between 370 and 400 kg bulls become more and more blue-gray especially. For females Simon Pallas earlier as ellan ( French ) in the world ’ s largest species! Both sexes have horns, but the bulls and cows sport a set of horns that twist from Drakensberg! 20 ] [ 23 ] but has been reintroduced is smooth and display behaviors generally formed females and juveniles males. Featured on the hoof the Latin taurus more regularly is also the largest Southern African antelope, Firearm /... Der Vyver, Cape eland: Lower Risk, Least concern ( LR/lc ) the of. Population lives in protected areas and 30 % on private land join Our Mailing List to Get Daily Animal &! However, they can maintain a 22 kilometres ( 14 mi ) per trot! Came to the order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae and genus Taurotragus tauros is Greek a! Green plains where they can feed on eland bull weight coat of arms of Grootfontein, Namibia together and for.
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