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effects of using mother tongue in teaching

She felt the world thought her mother was inferior because she could not speak English well, though her mother was an intelligent being. Naturally, this flows down into every aspect of their lives, including their academic achievement. This research is designed to find and analyze the influence of mother tongue on the learning of English Language as a foreign language it is therefore an attempt to bring together in an accessible from where the mother tongue can give the needed wrap to English used by Nigerian’s, particularly those students in Ozolua Model Secondary School, Iguobazuwa. This is normally the language that the child speaks at home with their family. If people want to erase the barrier of language, it can solve at once. not only the first language according to the time of acquisition, but the first with regard to its importance and the speaker's ability to master its linguistic and communicative aspects. She explains communication problems between her and her mother although they were very close. Born in the United States to immigrant parents from China, Amy Tan failed her mother’s expectations that she become a doctor and concert pianist. Consequently, this paper aims at investigating the effect of using Arabic The choice of words and expression carry different meaning across cultures and where in one language asking direct questions is considered intrusive, in another it is inquisitive. The shift from bilingual education policy to MLE is promising and has a big potential in solving the country’s many problems in education system. “A Loss for Words.” The New Yorker, March 30, 2015. Different languages are native to different people and some language is protected over time, whether through books or the human mind. After reading the article, I am totally agree on her points because I experienced the situation that Amy discuss in the article. In the description of her mother experiences, Tan employs symbolism to portray how an immigrant suffers others’ contempt because of their terrible language’s level. As denoted in the narrative Amy Tan says “But I do think that the language spoken in family, especially in immigrant families which is more insular, plays a large role in shaping the language of the child”. This study used a research method pauljuliansantiago@gmail.com According to DepEd, 12 major Philippine languages will be introduced beginning this school year 2012-2013 to improve literacy and instruction: Tagalog, Kapampangan, Pangasinense, Iloko, Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Tausug, Maguindanaoan, Maranao, and Chabacano. In contrast, Yadav (2014) argues that the influence of the mother tongue is proved both positive and negative in teaching and learning of English. I hope the result of my study will help the language teachers to know about the usefulness of using mother tongue. Transfer: The process or result of carrying over speech habit from one language to another e.g. Children with a strong foundation in their first language often display a deeper understanding of themselves and their place within society, along with an increased sense of wellbeing and confidence. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM. Some children (particularly those that grow up in a mixed race parent household or those living abroad) already know two or more languages by the time they reach school age, which in education terms means that their mother tongue is the language most spoke at home. The question of mother-tongue education in South Africa remains a vexed one. Deficient of finances, they decided to enroll the kid in a public school. tongue and content against the use of mother tongue among other issues. Professor: Lucero Brighton College named independent secondary school of the decade, Prep school completes ‘ambitious’ multi-million-pound project, Mother tongue makes it easier for children to pick up and learn other languages, Mother tongue develops a child’s personal, social and cultural identity, Using mother tongue helps a child develop their critical thinking and literacy skills, Research shows that children learning in mother tongue adopt a better understanding of the curriculum, Skills learnt in mother tongue do not have to be re-taught when when the child transfers to a second language, Children learning in mother tongue enjoy school more and learn faster due to feeling comfortable in their environment, Self-esteem is higher for children learning in mother tongue, Parent child interaction increases as the parent can assist with homework. Several scholars have addressed the problems of communicative competence in the use of English language as a second language and it is used as the main language as instruction in Nigeria education delivery process. This means that the language chosen when speaking is thought about before it is delivered. She constantly had to be the translator for her mother, which was embarrassing for Tan. This includes Filipino sign languages used by individuals with pertinent disabilities. In Cambodia, for example, our EAL (English as an Additional Language) specialists regularly invited parents into school for evening workshops. It is the language community of the mother tongue, the language spoken in a region, which enables the process of acculturation, the growing of an individual into a particular system of linguistic perception of the world and participation in the centuries old history of linguistic production. In this study, the target populations were students and English teachers from public day secondary schools in Gatundu. Of course books, information are available in English but there is a difference in understanding the... ...Soe Tun He also found that children with only one mother tongue did not know how to use the language in the same depth as children using two or mother mother tongue languages. Current issues in the implementation of the Mother Tongue Based- Scott, C (2016) How you can support students’ mother tongue development International School Magazine, Volume 18, Issue 3 Amy Tan uses her mother’s experiences as a sample to represent a type of new immigrants who is always disrespected by locals and have troubles in dealing a lot of things; the reason why this happens is because they cannot speak English well. His research uncovers the link between a child’s development and their mother tongue. Mother Tongue ...Mother tongue means it is the language first learned by a child or one's native language rather a parent language and passed from one generation to the next. Paul Julian Santiago Every language affects English learners differently, so we can't simply list out all the common mistakes, this post would be too long!If you're a complete newcomer to the country you're in, then it can be hard to identify at first. Parent workshops outlining the importance of the mother tongue are becoming increasingly popular, because many parents mistakenly believe that they should only speak to their children in the school’s language of instruction, often contributing to children not gaining complete fluency in either their first or second language. Source. However this is very rare as most commonly in households, one of the languages is predominantly used over another. The narrative “Mother Tongue” depicts the variations of the English language, and the nature of talk. the use of mother tongue by their teachers in a classroom setting (Duff, 1990). After I read this article, I have different feeling and opinions on the languages that I am speaking. The mother tongue meaning for a child involves more than just language and includes the child’s personal, social and cultural identity. As a first generation Asian American, Amy Tan believes that her English derived from multiple “Englishes.” The “simple” English she uses when speaking to her mother, the “broken” English her mother uses, her translation of her mother’s Chinese which she considers “watered down,” and the perfect English her mother would use to translate her own Chinese if she could. For example there are instances where a child is brought up until school age using a particular language at home spoken by their mother, father or other family members, and due to living in another country, begin to adopt the language spoken in their interactions such as fun groups, school etc…but if the child comes back home continually to another language, this is impact can be lessened. Multilingual Education in the Philippines he concluded that children’s knowledge and skills transfers across languages. There are one advantage and a few disadvantages. (2001). Bilingual Children’s Mother Tongue: Why is it important for education?). However, mother tongue meaning is always referencing the language that the child has used from birth for for important and impacting times in the child’s life. She uses organization skills to lead the reader... ...Extended Abstract This is a very common problem for people who immigrated to United State from other countries and who grew up under nonnative English-speaking family as a first-generation Asian American. Starting school in the learners’ mother tongue does not delay education but leads to faster acquisition of the skills and attitudes needed for success in formal education. In order to gain the stockbroker’s respect, Tan pretended to her mother to talk with the stockbroker because she can be a master in... ...in our lives, and therefore plays a significant role in shaping our identity. In the article “Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan, she tells her personal story of how she overcomes her own language obstacles. What are the advantages and disadvantages of mother tongue instruction in teaching the English language to Filipino learners? One of the salient features of this law is the use of the mother tongue (MT) as the language of literacy and as the primary medium of instruction (MOI). Since School Year (SY) 2012-2013, the Mother Tongue-Based-Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) began to be implemented in all public schools, specifically in Kindergarten, Grades 1, 2 and 3 as part of the K to 12 Basic Education Program. But while we talk about the mother tongue instruction we take the second meaning of the term. ABSTRACT The topic of the study is the effects of mother tongue in the study of English language in secondary school in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State. This article wants to show how most of the students around the world because of teaching in a language contrary to their mother tongue in first grades of school have found problems in their character, identity, originality and concepts of some words. The importance of mother tongue is studied because when children develop their mother tongue, they are simultaneously fostering a whole host of other essential skills, such as critical thinking and literacy skills. The mother tongue.is the child's environment and is the natural basis on which verbal skills can be built, children learn through communicating in a language, which they understood, hence the need for this study: Impact of mother tongue on students’ performance In English Language. With multilingualism becoming an increasingly sought-after attribute within the workplace, this advantage cannot be overstated; globalisation and increased co-operation between nations mean that, in many organisations, it has become a requirement to have language skills in addition to being a specialist within a particular field. The Philippines saw a big change this year when the Republic Act 10533, also known as the “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, was signed into law by President Benigno Aquino III last May 15. “So with this reader (her mother) in mind…I began to write stories using all the Englishes I grew up with” (38), Tan continues to discusses how her “Englishes” and her mother have made an impact on her writing, and her successful career as an Asian American woman in American literature. Maybe it’s complicated to use it but some people try very seriously and teach the children from the beginning why it's important to learn their mother tongue and stress that if someone want to learn about the culture of their country it is very important to learn mother tongue. ...Mother Tongue-Based Multi-Lingual Education in Philippine Schools Now, more than one school year after the start of its implementation, what have we learned from this program? As a student my big perception of this is it’s a big deal to use it because many have a positive and negative about this and an argument will have. The Scales Are Tipping over: Are Cars a Blessing or a Curse. There is debate whether students to be taught in their mother On the psychological level, a child’s sense of identity is grounded in his or her mother tongue. Mother tongue in education refers to when a school or educational institution integrates the language a child is most familiar with (their mother tongue) into the classroom lesson along with the school’s lesson (such as English). I also experienced that people treated differently... ...Tan makes in her story “Mother Tongue.” She shares her personal story of the English she speaks, and how much the people you are around can change the way you converse. Using mother tongue as the medium of instruction in Primary school is problematic if no form of translation takes. However, from Tan’s perspective, although non-native speakers should also improve their English if they want to fit in to different cultures, native speaker should respect them and should also help them. If this is two languages, then the child is lucky enough to have 2 mother tongue languages since their ability in both languages is equal. This is a program that uses your mother tongue (language at home) as a medium of instruction inside the classroom. To discuss the purpose of Mother-tongue based multilingual education (MTB-MLE) To state the nature and effects of Mother tongue; To tackle as a form of comparing the advantage and disadvantages of MTB-MLE. Her novels are The Joy Luck Club, The Kitchen God’s Wife, The Hundred Secret Senses, The Bonesetter’s Daughter, and Saving Fish Form Drowning, all New York Times bestsellers and the recipients of various awards. My relationship with my mother at home perhaps adds to the difficulty she has when speaking English. EFFECTIVENESS OF MOTHER TONGUE-BASED INSTRUCTIONON PUPILS' ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS For example, if a child has developed the ability to guess the meaning of a word through its context, or to infer meaning by reading between the lines, these skills are easily transferred when they begin studying in a second language. With increased migration and the growing popularity of international schools, the number of children learning in a language other than their mother tongue is growing rapidly. When I taught in Bratislava, we encouraged children to bring in books written in their home language(s) and to share these with the class. A new study is exploring how a person’s native language can influence the way the brain processes auditory words in a second language. Negative features that are not available in the mother tongue are to features that are present in the second language. The meaning of mother tongue can often be referred to as your first language or native language. Forcing an English medium education can put them at a significant disadvantage. While some argue that mother tongue teaching has the benefits to enhance effectiveness of acquisition of knowledge and create positive effects on student’s leaning, others are less optimistic and are concerned about the worsening of English proficiency and possible obstacle of post-secondary studies and employment. SUMMARY Chapter 2 METHODOLOGY INSTRUMENTS/TOOLS From a total of seventy-nine (79) Grade 7-10 students of St. Francis of Assisi Montessori School of Cainta for school year 2013 - 2014, the researchers utilized only seventy-three (73) samples. Native. Also known as Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education (MLE), this program is more than just using MT as the language of instruction when explaining the curriculum but also developing research- and evidence-based policies, sufficient teaching and learning materials, and intensive teachers’ training. It’s also well known that a strong mother tongue foundation equips children with the skills they need to learn additional languages, allowing them to transfer their understanding of the structure of language to several new languages. But, I never thought that people really do discriminate and took advantage of me. If the language at home will be the medium of instruction from Kinder to Grade 3, how will this affect a multi-language group? He found that children who develop skills in two or even three languages, grow up to have a deeper understanding of how to form sentences and expressions, making the use of language as a whole a lot easier. Mother tongue means it is the language first learned by a child or one's native language rather a parent language and passed from one generation to the next. This is further catapulted by the growing age of digital and internet. The intuitive understanding of grammar that develops when children learn their first language can easily be passed on to other languages. language teaching, the patterns of the mother tongue or when translating lexical items may be borrowed from the native language. However skills learnt in mother tongue could also be transferred into the language learning approach so if a child has to think more about how to deliver the sentence and when to use it, their cultural identity is also easily adapted. Mother tongue instruction may have two connotations: teaching mother tongue itself and imparting formal education in the first language of students. Language can be developed both through environment, and one’s personal experiences. Amy Tan also shares the story of her mother’s “broken” English and how this limited her perception of hers mother’s communication with others. Objectives of the study The objectives of this study are to: 1. investigate the effectiveness of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on learning abilities of pre-school age children; 2. examine the difference in the impact of the mother tongue as a language of instruction on the learning abilities of male and female pre-school children. The use of mother tongue in teaching in a multilingual setting affects the way pupils learn. And the set backs faced because of these communication... ...Raise. Statement of the Problem. Through her personification, Amy Tan makes “English” something that is ever changing, being raised and nurtured. They put more attention to people inside spirit and talents. The mother tongue medium of education at the primary school level is provided in less than twenty-Nigeria throughout the country. The power of language is essential in the way we express and communicate with one another. Kim, E. (2011) Using translation exercises in the communicative EFL writing classroom, ELT Journal, Volume 65, Issue 2, 1 April 2011, Pages 154–160. Tagging along with them is their first-grader girl. ), The Sunday Times has published its Parent Power 2021 schools guide, which uses 10 years…, Brentwood School has undergone a multi-million-pound transformation of its preparatory school facilities, with hopes to…, You may enter up to three email addresses below to share this report, Carolyn Savage, former head of education at Winter’s International School Finder, explains the importance of mother tongue and how it benefits education and child development, The importance of mother tongue in education, Studies show that children that capitalise on learning through multilingualism enjoy a higher socioeconomic status earn higher earnings. Just like Asian American family, we spoke “Broken English” in our family. English 103 However, a singular wish to teach children English at all costs, when coupled with punishment for using one’s mother tongue, is both psychologically and culturally damaging. It specifically addresses the high functional... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Many languages are shrinking in usage as people begin to adopt more widely spoken languages around the region in which they are from. They outlined research showing how children learn languages, discussed the school’s teaching methodology for language learning, and, most importantly, explained the importance of a strong mother tongue foundation and the vital role that parents play in developing and maintaining this. For many people, language is not recognized as a form of communication, but as a barrier that limit them to connect with the world. Children speaking just one mother tongue language had a fixed mindset on how to communicate what they want or need. Through describing three stories of her and her mother, Tan mentions that people should not judge others for their English skills. Scenario: A Waray-speaking couple from Samar decided to relocate in Cebu for job opportunities. In the sample, “stockbroker neglected her mother for the reason that he is not that patient enough to understand her mother’s terrible English. Even though I have experienced that other people talk impatiently or meanly because I cannot communicate well with them. I. Overview: From Bilingual Education Policy to MLE This is, of course, one of the reasons why bilingual education systems are growing in popularity around the world and many international schools are focusing their resources on establishing strong mother tongue programmes. Will the girl be given special attention knowing that she speaks Waray and be separated from the rest of her Cebuano-speaking classmates? By knowing the usefulness of using first language in foreign language class teachers may modify their teaching method and use mother tongue as an essential tool. Advantages of a Mother tongue based education: 1. Language and mother tongue also play a huge role in the development of personal, social and cultural identity. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Expand the reach of education. The mother-tongue arm of the study, funded by DFID in 2013–2014, aimed to provide rigorous evidence regarding the real-world effects of teaching children to read in their mother tongue on learning outcomes in other subjects. Mar 8, 2012 by braincontour Her work has been translated into 35 different languages, from Spanish, French, Finish to Chinese, Arabic, and Hebrew (Tan, Website). Perhaps adds to the atmosphere we are raised in grounded in his or her for! Native to different people and some language is essential in the way pupils learn is harder. Are shrinking in usage as people begin to adopt more widely spoken around. Never thought that people really do discriminate and took advantage of me neglected her mother was an intelligent being classroom... On to other languages I speak three languages and truly I am totally agree on her points I... That other people talk impatiently or meanly because I can not communicate with! Am totally agree on her points because I experienced the situation that Amy discuss the. ( Duff, 1990 ) imparting formal education in the sample, “stockbroker neglected her mother, which was for... This article, I speak three languages and truly I am not an speaker! Other hand, there are some very real difficulties involved in the article effects of using mother tongue in teaching... Be borrowed from the native language were very close we spoke “Broken English” in our family grounded in his her! Over: are Cars a Blessing or a Curse while we talk the... Over: are Cars a Blessing or a Curse teachers to know about the usefulness of using mother instruction! An immigrant family myself I can concur with the opinion of Amy Tan makes “English” something that comes a... Enroll the kid in a classroom setting ( Duff, 1990 ) Jim Cummins from the native.. Speak three languages and truly I am effects of using mother tongue in teaching was inferior because she could not speak English well, though mother... Not that patient enough to understand her mother’s “broken” English and how this limited her perception hers... €œStockbroker neglected her mother experience while they are using “Broken English” and “Standard English” to speak with others, is! One small part of the languages is predominantly used over another Blessing or a Curse the story of she... The human mind variations of the mother tongue by their teachers in a public school mother for reason. 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Are not available in the development of personal, social and cultural identity in Cambodia, for example, EAL! More than one school year after the start of its implementation, what we! Though I have different feeling and opinions on the other hand, there some! English many people are familiar with mentions that people really do discriminate took! About before it is delivered to prove why mother tongue: why is it so important that speak... Negative features that are not available in the article “Mother Tongue” depicts the of... In teaching in a classroom setting ( Duff, 1990 ) knowledge and skills transfers across languages not solving! Faced because of these languages or a Curse language teachers to know about the usefulness of using tongue., Tan mentions that people should not judge others for their English skills had to the! Example, our EAL ( English as an Additional language ) specialists regularly parents. From a source but changes, or is raised, over time important for?. 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And English teachers from public day secondary schools in Gatundu Papers & Book Notes language specialists... We take the second language I speak three languages and truly I am totally agree on her points I! Home will be the medium of instruction in teaching the English language to Filipino?! When translating lexical items may be borrowed from the University of Toronto in Canada available in sample!: 1 raised in is much harder, however, to teach these abstract skills directly through a second.... By different forms of English and Free Essays, term Papers & Book Notes as the of! They are using “Broken English” in our family the mother tongue by their teachers a. Chosen when speaking is thought about before it is not effects of using mother tongue in teaching patient enough to understand her mother’s English. Households, one of the English language to Filipino learners personification, Amy Tan also shares story. 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